Based on 1 John 5:1, pastor John Piper and most Calvinists think so:
Here’s the text in question:
“Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been born of God, and everyone who loves the Father loves whoever has been born of him” (1 John 5:1, ESV)
John Piper and most Calvinists look to the Greek tenses to build their case, that the new birth precedes faith in Christ for salvation.
1. Because “who believes” is a present tense participle (continuous action),
2. And “has been born” a perfect passive (completed act with continuing results),
3. That the apostle John is saying that the new birth precedes faith in Christ.
But I really don’t think the apostle John is saying what John Piper and other Calvinists are saying, that the new birth precedes faith.
In fact, it’s more reasonable to conclude that John is pointing to a believer’s active faith as mere evidence of having experienced the new birth without actual reference to time.
To continue arguing that the new birth precedes faith, Calvinists need another proof text.
1 John 5:1 is not it.