Were the writers of the gospels, writing, at some levels, as political theologians–arguing, “Jesus is Lord, not Caesar”?
At some levels, I believe we should read the gospels as political theology. I have three reasons (it’s fine to disagree): First, when we consider the messianic expectations of the Old Testament people of God, particularly their prophets, this is hard to deny. We see this in Psalm 2. Second, the New Testament writers are clearly engaged in anit-imperial rhetoric, through something of a holy subversion, “Jesus is Lord, not Caesar” (Psalm 2 is either referred to or echoed in several places in the NT). Finally, Jesus himself believed that he was returning YHWH’s rule to the earth–“on earth as it is in heaven” (Matthew 6:10; cf. Luke 4:42-44; John 18:28-40).